: Alpha-arbutin (4-hydroxyphenyl-D-lucopyranoside) is a synthetic and functional active ingredient for skin lightening. Biosynthetic ingredient, derived from bearberry. Crystalline, white powder.
Stable in the pH range from 3.5-6.5.
: Recommended concentration 0.2-2%, add to water phase of formula. For external use only. It is stable against hydrolysis as tested in the pH range from 3.5 - 6.6.
: All kinds of skin-lightening products including lotions, creams, makeup products.
: Not animal tested
: GMO-free but not certified
: Does not contain animal-derived components