: Alpha-arbutin (4-hydroxyphenyl-D-lucopyranoside) is a synthetic and functional active ingredient for skin lightening. Biosynthetic ingredient, derived from bearberry. Crystalline, white powder. Water-soluble.
Stable in the pH range from 3.5-6.5.: Alpha-arbutin
: Recommended concentration 0.2-2%, add to water phase of formula, best results use product containing alpha-arbutin for at least 2-3 months. For external use only.
: All kinds of skin-lightening products including lotions, creams, makeup products.
: Not animal tested
: GMO-free but not certified: Does not contain animal-derived components